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Professional development resources

Educators resources

These resources from Nurse Education are designed to help educators with professional development and copyright issues on the Internet.

We are pleased to include a collection of resources from CTL 1609 Fall 2001. Focused resources from colleagues at this level extend a unique opportunity to professionally develop ... and save you enormous amounts of precious time!

Don't forget to take a look at our Educator's Toolbox for some super time-saving educational tools.

Note: To avoid losing your thread, the following links will open in a new browser window.

Lesson plans

A useful directory that helps teachers to find online lessons in different topics such as science, art , computer, etc. It also includes a collection of articles related to the teaching profession. The site has a search tool that allows visitors find the material easily.

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One stop shopping

www for Teachers
This site educates teachers on technology as well as offering them tools for education.
* Shared resources submitted by Lorie Fioze

Online Educational Resources
The resources in the ION Online Resources section represent a selected list of resources dealing with various aspects of online education and the online environment in general. It also has the capability to search.
* Shared resources submitted by Paula Burns

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Exam questions

Writing Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) That Demand Critical Thinking
An excellent resource from the University of Oregon's Teaching Effectiveness Program.

Designing Test Questions
This site offers descriptions and follows with uses, advantages, disadvantages, and tips for writing test questions in all formats.

Assessing Learning Objectives: Bloom's Taxonomy
Bloom's Taxonomy provides a useful structure in which to categorize test questions when assessing student learning. Here are some examples of test questions reflecting the six levels of learning according to Bloom.
* Shared resources provided by J. Rowe

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Bloom’s Taxonomy for Educational Objectives and Test Questions
Benjamin Bloom created this taxonomy for categorizing level of abstraction of questions that commonly occur in educational settings. The taxonomy provides a useful structure in which to categorize test questions, since professors will characteristically ask questions within particular levels, and if you can determine the levels of questions that will appear on your exams, you will be able to study using appropriate strategies.

How to write Behavioural Objectives
Dr. Bob Kizlik offers an excellent understanding of behavioural objectives, their importance, as well as how-to write them. Worth checking out!

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Search engines

Annotated List of Search Tools
An annotated bibliography of all search engines including an explanation of each and what they are best used for.

Boolean Searching on the Internet
Of all the readings, we found this URL to be the simplest Boolean search method. It stated the fact, gave an example and then showed a Venn diagram demonstrating the meaning.

Virtual Search Engines on the Internet
A convenient repository of a large assortment search engines. It has them all on 1 page and provides a description for each listing.

Search the Internet - 3 Powerful Approaches
A wonderful guide from Berkeley on how to understand and dramatically improve your search strategies and perform effective Internet searches.

Recommended Search Strategy

Analyze Your Topic & Search with Peripheral Vision. The 5-Step approach to Internet searches ... again, recommended from UC Berkeley.

Mondo Search
Site search engine for corporate web sites, intranets and extranets by
* Shared resources provided by J. Rowe

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Guidelines of Critique for Research Report
A very simple 1 page description of how to critique a research report.
* Shared resources provided by J. Rowe

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Suggested Readings and Resources on Assessment and Evaluation in CMC

Assessing Learning Objectives - Bloom's Taxonomy
Bloom's Taxonomy provides a useful structure in which to categorize test questions when assessing student learning. See some examples of test questions reflecting the six levels of learning according to Bloom.

Assessing Learners Online
More and more teaching and learning are taking place at a distance, especially on the World Wide Web. How do educators measure what distance learners know? This issue of the Practitioner File looks at issues and techniques related to the assessment of online learning for adult, career, and vocational education.

Student Assessment in Online Courses
Explores Basics, Tools & Problems

Evaluating Learning in Virtual Environments
This document by M. A. Syverson and John Slatin, Division of Rhetoric and Composition University of Texas at Austin, describes a project funded through the Computer Education and Training Initiative sponsored by DARPA for 1995-1997.

Online Evaluation Resource Library
The Online Evaluation Resource Library (OERL) was developed for professionals seeking to design, conduct, document, or review project evaluations. OERL is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). OERL's mission is to support the continuous improvement of project evaluations. Sound evaluations are critical to determining project effectiveness.

Eric Clearinghouse on Assessment and Evaluation provides balanced information concerning educational assessment, evaluation and research methodology.

The Case for Authentic Assessment Grant Wiggins
Mr. Wiggins, a researcher and consultant on school reform issues, is a widely-known advocate of authentic assessment in education. This article is based on materials that he prepared for the California Assessment Program.

Testing on Computers
A follow up study comparing performance on computer and on paper [48 pages]

Principles for fair student assessment practices in Canada
Created by a collection of nationally renowned educational organizations and endorsed by the Canadian School Boards Association, the Canadian Teachers Federation, the Canadian Association for School Administrators, and the Canadian Society for the Study of Education, this document puts forward a number of practices and guidelines that can be used to ensure that the assessment of students in Canadian classrooms is authentic, accurate, and fair.

Together/fair.html Item Bias Review
This article by Ronald Hambleton and Jane H.Rodgers, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, introduces three issues to consider when evaluating items for bias -- fairness, bias, and stereotyping. The issues are presented and sample review questions are posed. A comprehensive item bias review form based on these principles is listed in the references and is available from ERIC/AE. This Article and the review form are intended to help both item writers and reviewers.

Web Page Rubrics
Now that we are using the Internet in the classroom to support instruction, it is important that the area of assessment be addressed. The natural tendency for teachers is to provide a rubric for student use and for assessment purposes. Look at this collection of assessment rubrics for use of the World Wide Web that may be helpful for you as you design your own.

Sample Rubrics
One method designed to make grading easier and faster, as well as to provide more useful feedback to students is the use of rubrics. Especially when grading projects, rubrics offer an easy, fast and consistent grading method.

Online Resources - Rubrics Resources
How often have you attempted to grade your students' work only to find that the assessment criteria were vague and the performance behavior was overly subjective? Would you be able to justify the assessment or grade if you had to defend it? The Rubric is an authentic assessment tool which is particularly useful in assessing criteria which are complex and subjective.This site discusses rubrics in many forums (e.g. web, oral etc.)
* Shared resources provided by J. Rowe

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Writing Clearly & Simply

* Shared resources provided by Lorie Fioze

Writing Tips - The Fog Index
The Fog Index is a proven method of analyzing written material to see how easy it is to read and understand. This tool measures it.

Clear Language and Design
Run your report or document through and it will highlight (fog) words that are not at a grade 6 level.

Clear Writing -- 10 principles of clear writing
This succinct writing guide comprises 10 principles of clear statement.

Principles of Clear Writing - Office of the Federal Register
The active voice eliminates confusion by forcing you to name the actor in a sentence. This construction makes clear to the reader who is to perform the duty. The passive voice makes sentences longer and roundabout. Who is responsible is much less obvious. See some great examples here.

Seven most common business writing mistakes and how to avoid them
Guidelines on how to write good business letters and how to avoid the common pitfalls.

Writer's Handbook
The correct usage of grammar and style.

Introducing Plain Language
Plain Train online Training teaches how to write in plain language. Plain language matches the needs of the reader with your needs as a writer, resulting in effective and efficient communication. It is effective because the reader can understand the message. It is efficient because the reader can read and understand the message the first time. Get some great tips here.

Think Clearly. Write it Right
Writing effectively doesn't have to be an elusive goal. Good writing is not strings of lengthy, convoluted, complicated sentences intertwined like spaghetti in a bowl. Clear writing is simple writing. (Not simplistic, simple.) It's a matter of knowing what we mean to say and then saying it. A great resource from Insite Training re: critical thinking as it pertains to writing.

Plain Language Action Network
Stay informed about plain language in technology, health, government, education, business and more.

The Word Centre. Success Through Plain Language
Read more about the importance of communication through plain language writing and how to become more adept.

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Educational research journals

Canadian Education on the Web
The purpose of Canadian Education on the Web is to bring together everything relating to Canada and education that has a presence on the World Wide Web. The page is developed and maintained by Marian Press in the Education Commons of the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto.

Education Journals
Marian Press's website listing URLs of online full text educational journals

Journal of Educational Leadership
Journal for teachers and administrators provides selected articles from each issue. Learn how to subscribe or how to submit articles.

Journal of Technology & Teacher Education
Take a look at this academic journal that specializes in the implementation of technology in teacher education. Subscription instructions provided. The cost is $45.00/journal.
* Shared resources submitted by Greg Weiler

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Learning styles

Learning Style Questionnaire
Take this learning style questionnaire to see where you fit.

Learning Style Counseling
What is learning styles

Know your learning styles
People learn in different ways. Just as we prefer different hair styles, clothing styles, managerial styles, and music styles, we also feel much more natural and comfortable acquiring information in ways that fit our preferred "styles" of learning.

Learning Styles - Great Minds Don't Think Alike
This workshop deals with the work of Dr Rita Dunn from St John's University in New York and Dr Ken Dunn of Queen's College in New York. They are leading American educators in the area of learning styles. (Whitefield, 1993)

Learning Styles and the Online Environment
Online learning environment and learning styles.

CTL Learning Style Site
Using Learning Styles to Adapt Technology for Higher Education.

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Adult learning principles

From Novice to Expert. An Exploration of How Professionals Learn
An excellent resource, this article is written by Barbara J. Daley for Adult Education Quarterly. This is an Adobe pdf file and requires Acrobat Reader to view it. Download Acrobat Reader here FREE.

Adult Learning Principles
Part of being an effective instructor involves understanding how adults learn best. Compared to children and teens, adults have special needs and requirements as learners. Despite the apparent truth, adult learning is a relatively new area of study. The field of adult learning was pioneered by Malcom Knowles. He identified the following characteristics of adult learners:

A learning Style Survey for College
A learning style questionnaire.

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Critical thinking

* Shared resources provided by Laila Moosabhoy, Ph.D. candidate.

Fundamentals of Critical Thinking
The Library provides K-12 educators with a range of articles on critical thinking. The Library is an informative resource center for all those interested in learning how to improve the quality of their student's, and their own, thinking.

3 Definitions of Critical Thinking
In thinking critically we use our command of the elements of thinking to adjust our thinking successfully to the logical demands of a type or mode of thinking. Find out more.

Content is thinking: Thinking is content
Critical thinking approaches all content explicitly as thinking. It takes thinking apart. It weaves new thinking into old. It assesses thinking. It applies thinking. It is thinking about thinking while thinking in order to make thinking better: more clear, more accurate, more relevant, more deep, more broad, and more effective.

Critical Thinking Resources
A site made up of critical thinking resources.

Helping Students assess their thinking
There are two essential dimensions of thinking that students need to master in order to learn how to upgrade their thinking. They need to be able to identify the "parts" of their thinking, and they need to be able to assess their use of these parts of thinking. This article explains this concept.

Universal Intellectual Standards
Universal intellectual standards are standards which must be applied to thinking whenever one is interested in checking the quality of reasoning about a problem, issue, or situation. To think critically entails having command of these standards. To help students learn them, teachers should pose questions which probe student thinking, questions which hold students accountable for their thinking, questions which, through consistent use by the teacher in the classroom, become internalized by students as questions they need to ask themselves.

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Citing sources

The Elements of Citation
All about citing from Columbia University Press. Part 1 of The Columbia Guide to Online Style by Janice R. Walker and Todd Taylor (Columbia UP, 1998) presents a guide to locating, translating, and using the elements of citation for both a humanities style (i.e., MLA and Chicago) and a scientific style (APA and CBE) for electronically-accessed sources. The unique element approach used makes this a useful reference for citing electronic sources regardless of the specific bibliographic style you may be required to use.

A Guide for Writing Research Papers
This guide is based on a document prepared in 1995 by Patricia S. Burgess, Ph.D., a volunteer staff member for America Online, and subsequently modified and updated for use on the World Wide Web by members of the Humanities Department and library staff at Capital Community College in Hartford, Connecticut. In March and April of 1997, it was modified to its present question-and-answer format.

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Educational Databases

There are 4 databases for searching your topic need in education. Each database hosts research based refereed journals in education, some more than others. You may have to search all 4 to find your exact topic. As with any service there is a cost to obtaining the articles.

Hospital - Find out from your librarian if these databases are available through your organization. If they are ask your librarian to set up a proxy server so that you can perform searches and download the online articles free at home.

Students - If you are a student you will be able to obtain free access through your university and set up a proxy server to perform searches and download the online articles free at home.

If your hospital does not pay for the service and/or you are not a student, the individual prices are listed below:

  • ERIC
    This is an A1 site! The ERIC database is the world's largest source of education information. The database contains more than 1 million abstracts of education-related documents and journal articles. This database has the best variety of research in education available.

    Cost: Available to the individual. Pay as you go cost is $9.55 per article

  • Wilson Web
    Use this database when you are unable to find your information in ERIC. Full cover-to-cover text of articles from hundreds of journals, makes this a one-stop source for research! Wilson Web includes 95 journals that are not covered by ERIC’s CIJE.

    Cost: Available to the institutional market only.

  • Psycinfo
    For information on the cognitive theory/application and the psychology of learning.

    Cost: Prepaid annual subscriptions fees are $499 for one full year of access. There is also a "one-shot" transactional basis enabling you to browse the tables of contents for free but to view, print, or save a full article, there's an $11.95 per article charge.

  • CBCA Full Text Education
    This database is Canadian albeit limited. The CBCA database encompasses a broad scope of Canadian-specific information on a wide range of subjects including: Humanities, Social / Behavioural Sciences, Business, Medicine and Health, Science and Technology, Education, and General Interest.

    Cost: CBCA is primarily available only to the institutional market. If you are interested in individual access, please contact your local public or school library and request a trial.

  • The World Wide Web
    Experienced educators share excellent information over the Internet. Good search engine techniques will reap a bountiful harvest of resource-rich results.

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Writing Clearly & Simply

Education Journals

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Citing Sources

Educational Databases

Guidelines for Critiquing Empirical Research

Worth reading:
Novice to Expert. An Exploration of How Professionals Learn
N.B. Requires Acrobat Reader. Click here for the free download

Also see:
Internet resources